Archive for August, 2008

• won’t • you • go • and • take • your • share? •

August 29, 2008

Abu Hurayrah – may Allaah be pleased with him – once passed by the market in Medinah. He stopped at the market and said, “O people of the market, how incapable you are!” They said, “And how is that Abu Hurayrah?” He replied, “Over there the inheritance of Allaah’s Messegner – Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him – is being distributed and you are here! Won’t you go and take your share?” “Where is it?” they asked. He replied, “In the Masjid.” So they hurried to the Masjid and Abu Hurayrah waited for them until they returned. When they came back, he said, “What’s the matter?” They replied, “Abu Hurayrah! We went to the Masjid but we didn’t see anything being distributed.” Abu Hurayrah asked them, “And you didn’t see anyone in the Masjid?” They replied, “Indeed we did; we saw people praying, others reciting Qur`aan and others studying the regulations of halaal and haraam.” So Abu Hurayrah said, “Woe to you! That is the inheritance of Muhammad – Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him.”

Al-Haafidh Al-Mundhiree said in At-Targheeb wa At-Tarheeb, “Reported by Al-Tabaraami in Al-Awsat with a hasan chain of narrators.” Also graded hasan by Shaykh Al-Albaanee. See his Saheeh At-Targheeb wa At-Tarheeb Vol. 1 p19.

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• food •

August 18, 2008

EXPLANATION OF THE HADEETH: “NO HUMAN EVER FILLED A VESSEL WORSE THAN THE STOMACH…”

Author: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee
Source: Jaami’ Al-‘Uloom wal-Hikam, hadeeth No. 47

On the authority of Al-Miqdaam ibn Maadiy-Karib who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah saying:

“No human ever filled a vessel worse than the stomach. Sufficient for any son of Aadam are some morsels to keep his back straight. But if it must be, then one third for his food, one third for his drink and one third for his breath.” [Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee, An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah – hadeeth saheeh.]

  1. Ibn Masaweh, a Muslim doctor, said after reading this hadeeth:

    “If the people only used these words, they would avoid all diseases and maladies and the clinics and pharmacies would be idle.”

  2. Another doctor, Al-Harith ibn Kalada said:

    “That which has killed mankind is the introduction of food on top of food before it has been digested.”

  3. As for spiritual benefits: humbleness of heart, strength of understanding, lessening of lower desires, lessening of personal opinions and anger, while overeating induces the opposites of all of those. Al-Hasan Al-Basree said:

    “O, son of Adam, eat with one third of your stomach and drink with one third and leave one third of your stomach to breathe so that you may think.”

  4. Ibn Umar: A man said to Ibn Umar:

    “Shouldn’t I bring you some jawarish?” Ibn Umar said: “What is that?” He said: “Something which aids in digesting your food after you eat.” Ibn Umar said: “I have not eaten to being full for four months. That is not because I am not able to do so, but I was with a group of people who were hungry more than they were full.”

  5. Not reaching your goals: Muhammad ibn Wasi said:

    “Whoever eats little will understand and make others understand and will be clear and humble. Overeating weighs a person down and keeps him from much of what he wants [to accomplish]. “

  6. Al-Hasan Al-Basree:

    “The test of Aadam, alayhis-salaam, was food and it is your test until Qiyama.”

    And, it used to be said:

    “Whoever takes control of his stomach gets control of all good deeds.”

    And:

    “Wisdom does not reside in a full stomach.”

    One day, Al-Hasan offered some food to his companion who said: “I have eaten until I am no longer able to eat.” To which Al-Hasan said:

    “SubhaanAllaah! Does a Muslim eat until he is no longer able to eat?”

  7. Allaah grants this world to those whom He loves and those He does not love but only grants hunger to those whom he loves.
  8. Ash-Shaafi’ee said:

    “I have not filled myself in sixteen years because filling oneself makes the body heavy, removes clear understanding, induces sleep and makes one weak for worship.”

  9. In Bukhaaree and Muslim:

    “The believer eats with one stomach while the kafir eats with seven stomachs.”

    Meaning: The believer eats with the manners of Islam and in moderation, while the kafir eats based on desires and gluttony and so he eats with seven stomachs.

  10. Also:

    “Food for one is enough for two and food for two is enough for three and food for three is enough for four.”

  11. Also: From Aa’ishah:

    “The family of Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) never filled themselves with wheat bread three days in a row from the time he came to Madeenah until he passed away.”

  12. A Muslim should not merely follow his appetites. Allaah said:

    “Then, they were followed by generations who neglected the prayer and followed their appetites. They will encounter a pit of fire except for those who repent…” [Maryam 59-60]

  13. The best generations did not:

    “The best generation is my generation, followed by the one after them then the one after them. Then will come a people who bear witness but are not asked to bear witness, who swear oaths but do not fulfill them and fatness will appear among them.” [Bukhaaree and Muslim]

  14. From Abee Barza that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said:

    “My greatest fear for you is the appetites of transgression with regard to your stomachs and your privates and the inclinations which lead astray.” [Ahmad and others and its narrators are people of saheeh]

• a • woman • scholar • of • Qur’aan •

August 16, 2008

A Woman Scholar of the Quran
(Verily Knowledge is taken away by the Death of the Scholars)

Umm Al-Sa’ad Al-Iskandraniyyah (Alexandria)

[D. 17th Ramadhan 1427(Around October 10th, 2006)]


After Umm Al-Sa’ad completed her memorization of the Quran at the age of 15 she went to the Shaykha Nufaysa bint Abu Al-Alaa, who was known as “The Shaykha of her time” to request from her to learn the 10 Qira’aat (recitations). Nufaysa agreed on an peculiar condition; that Umm Al-Sa’ad never marry. She used to refuse to teach girls because they would marry, become busy(with husband and kids), and neglect the Quran.

What was even more amazing was that Umm Al-Sa’ad accepted the condition from her Shaykha who was known for her strictness and harshness against those whom she did not feel were proper for this honorable task. But Umm Al-Sa’ad was encouraged by the fact that her Shaykha herself had never married, even though there were many of the great scholars who had sought her hand, and she died in that state while in her eighties, having secluded herself to the Quran!

Umm Al-Sa’ad said, “It is from the blessings of my Lord that anyone who has obtained an ijaaza in the Quran, in any Qiraa’ah, in Alexandria either received it directly from me (munaawala) or from someone whom I had given an ijaaza to.

And what proved her unique status was that she was the only woman to whom recitors and huffadh of the Quran would travel to receive ijaaza in the ten qira’aat.

Umm Al-Sa’ad Ali Najm,age 77, is considered to be the most well known woman in the world of recitations of the Quran. The only woman to specialize in the ten qira’aat, and has spent over fifty years granting ijaazas in the ten qira’aat.

Waves of people could be seen entering and leaving her humble apartment, students who dreamed of memorizing the Quran, comprised of different age groups and both genders.

Classes for the women and girls would begin from 8 AM until 2 PM after which the classes for men and boys would start until 8 PM. Umm Al-Sa’ad would continue all day with no breaks except for salah and a light meal to sustain her.

Umm Al-Sa’ad was born into a poor family in a town called Bandaariya, one of the towns of the larger city Munofiyya (north of Cairo). She was afflicted by blindness shortly after her first year and, as was the practice of many in rural areas in dealing with blindness, her family sent her to learn the Quran. She completed her memorization in Alexandria at the age of 15. She then completed the memorization of the ten recitations of the Quran from Shaykha Nufaysa when she had reached the age of 23.

Umm Al-Sa’ad mentioned that when she had completed her memorization of the qira’aat the number of huffaadh were few. Families used to request from her, as they had requested from her Shaykha before her, to recite Quran for them at occasions and religious festivals. It was acceptable at that time for a woman to recite the Quran with tajweed in the presence of men who- as she recounted- used to praise her recitation and the beauty of her tajweed. She mentioned however that this practice disappeared after Quranic recitors became widespread, as well as the spread of radios and televisions, and the most that could be done by a female recitor now is to recite at occasions that were females only. She believed that the real reason for this however was the belief that had increased in the recent years that the voice of the woman is awrah.

She had one of the highest Isnaads (chains of narration) in the world. Her isnaad in the recitation of Hafs from Aasim had 27 Shaykhs in between her and the Messenger of Allah Sal Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam. This put her on the same level with well known Shuyukh of recitation such as Shaykh Abdul Basit Hashim and Shaykh Muhammad Abd Alhameed Abdullah.

Many different types of people would return to her, seeking the completion of the Quran or ijaazah in a Qiraa’ah, from all ages and levels in society. In a day she would teach old and young students, men and women, engineers, doctors, teachers, university professors, college students, high school students, etc.

She would single out for each student a time, not more than an hour in a day, in which the student would recite what they had memorized and she would correct their mistakes bit by bit, until they memorize the Quran in one of it’s qira’aat.

Umm Al-Sa’ad once commented:

“Sixty years of memorizing the Quran and it’s recitations has made me unable to forget any of it. I can recall every ayah, it’s surah and its juz, I know the ayaat that are similar (mutashabih) and how to recite the same ayah in different qira’aat. I feel like I know the Quran like my name, I cannot imagine forgetting a letter of it or making a mistake in it. I don’t know anything other than the Quran and its recitations. I never learned a science, listened to a lecture, or memorized anything other than the Quran and the mutoon that were related to the Quran and tajweed. I don’t know anything other than that.”

Her students:

When asked about her students Umm Al-Sa’ad said:

“I remember every one of them, there were some who received Ijaaza in one of the recitations, and there were some (and they were very few) who received ijaaza in all ten recitations. They are the ones who receive an ijaaza with a special seal that I have that I always keep with me, I never give it to anyone no matter how much I have trust in them.”

The happiest days for Umm Al-Sa’ad are the days of khatma, when she would grant a student an ijaaza, even though she has experienced this day over 300 times! She keeps a copy of every ijaaza, the most recent one being to a sister in the recitation of Qaloon from Nafi’.

On the day of khatma, a waleema is normally done, or a tea party with sweets. The student who is receiving the ijaaza normally gives a gift to the Shaykha; a jilbab, a ring, golden earrings, all according to what they can afford. As for the most beautiful gift that the Shaykha received was a Hajj and Umrah trip accompanied with being hosted in Saudia for an entire year! The best part of the trip, after the hajj and umrah, was that she reviewed the Quran, and granted ijaazas in all ten recitations to students from all over the world; Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Chad, Afghanistan…

The most beloved of those ijaazas that she granted was to a student from Saudi Arabia who received it when she was seventeen years old!

The wives of her students become jealous…

And from the most interesting things that Umm Al-Sa’ad recounts is that some of the wives of her students became jealous and fearful that she might “snatch” their husbands. Especially since their husbands would continually speak about their Shaykha with pride and endearment. To the extent that some of the wives would accompany their husbands to the class to ensure that their fear had no real cause, for the Shaykha was old and blind!

“And some of the men hesitated to recite to me considering that I’m a woman, and some refused, but Shaykh Muhammad Isma’eel (the most well known shaykh of Qur’an and Sunnah in Alexandria) gave a fatwa that they could when he learned of my age, and he sent his entire family to me to recite to me!”

And what about her marriage?

When she was asked about the closest student to her, she replied “My husband, Shaykh Muhammad Fareed Nu’man.”

Shaykh Muhammad Fareed, who- before his death some years ago-was the most well known recitor on Alexandria radio. He was also the first one to receive an ijaaza from Umm Al-Sa’ad.

She said about the story of her marriage, “I was not able to keep my promise to my Shaykha Nufaysa. He used to recite to me the Quran in all ten recitations, I became comfortable with him, and he was like me in that he was blind and memorized the Quran at an early age. I taught him for five years, and when he finished he asked me for my hand in marriage and I accepted.”

She was married to him for forty years and had no children.

But she had students who were huffadh and recitors of the Quran, so all praise is due to Allah.

She commentated on that saying, “Alhamdullilah, I feel like Allah chooses for me the good always. Maybe if I had children I would have become busy with them and neglected the Quran or forgot it.”

• a • benefit • from • damascus •

August 15, 2008
Ibn Abee Haatim(.328H) Rahimahullaah said
‘I entered Damascus and came upon the students of hadeeth, and I passed by the circle of Qaasim al Joo’ee (d.248 AH). I found a  group sitting around him and he was speaking. Their appearance amazed me; and I heard him saying
‘Seize the benefit of five things from the people of your time:
When you are present,you are not known;
When you are absent you are not missed;
When you are seen,your advice is not sought;
When you say something, your saying is not accepted;
And when you have some knowledge,you are not given anything for it.
I also advise you with five matters:
When you are treated unjustly,do not behave unjustly;
When you are praised,do not become happy;
When you are criticized, do not become upset;
When you are not believed,do not become angry;
And if people act deceitfully towards you, do not act deceitfully towards them
.’

Ibn Abee Haatim said:’ So I took that as my benefit from Damascus.’

Related by Ibn al Jawzee in Sifatus-safwah( 2/200).

• six • attacks • and • ten • defenses •

August 11, 2008

The evil of Shaytaan is limited to six categories, he continues [to assault] mankind until he succeeds in one or more of them:

1) The evil of polytheism and disbelief;

2) Then innovations;

3) Next are the major sins;

4) Then the minor sins;

5) Subsequently, busying people with practicing Mubahaat [1] instead of practicing good deeds [that one is rewarded for];

6) Next is busying them with practicing deeds which are good instead of deeds which are better.

The reasons that safeguard a servant from the Shaytaan are ten:

1) Seeking refuge with Allaah from him;

2) Reading al Mu’awathatain [Surat an Nas and Surat al Falaq];

3) Reading Ayatul Kursi;

4) Reading Surat al Baqarah;

5) Reading the ending of Surat al Baqarah [last two verses];

6) The believer reading from the beginning of {Haa Meem.} until {to Him is the final return.} [Ghafir: 1-3];

7) Saying what translated means: ‘There is no deity worthy of worship but Allaah, alone having no partners, to him belongs the dominion, to him belongs all praise, and He has the ability to do all things.’ One hundred times;

8) Practicing the remembrance of Allaah a lot;

9) Performing ablution along with prayers;

10) Refraining from supernumerary (extra) looking around, talking, eating and mixing with people.

Compiled by as Sa’dee from Ibnul Qayim’s book: Badaa’i al fawaa’id, Tareeq al Wusool ila al ‘Ilm al Mawool: p.129

• love • of • Allaah •

August 7, 2008

People have discussed about mahabbah (love of Allaah); its causes and what brings it about, its signs, its fruits, and its rulings. The most comprehensive saying about this is what Abu Bakr al-Kattaanee (d.322H) relates about al-Junayd (d.297H).

Abu Bakr al-Kattaanee (d.322H) said: “A discussion about mahabbah took place in Makkah during the Pilgrimage month. The Shaykhs who were present spoke about this matter, and al-Junayd was the youngest of them. They said to him: ‘O ‘Iraqi, what do you have to say?’ So he bowed his head and tears were flowing from his eyes, then he said:

‘A servant should overcome his soul;

And be continuous in the remembrance of his Lord;

Establishing the rights of his Lord;

Focusing upon Him with his heart;

The light of fear letting ablaze his heart;

Whilst drinking from the vessel of true love;

And certain realities become unveiled for him.

So when he talks, it is due to Allaah.

When he speaks, it is from Allaah.

When he moves, it is by the Command of Allaah.

And when he is serene, then it is from Allaah.

He belongs to Allaah, is for Allaah, and is with Allaah.’

So the Shaykhs started to weep and said: ‘How can that be increased upon. May Allaah reward you with good, O crown of the knowledgeable o­nes!’.”

Taken from: Madaarij-us-Saalikeen, 3/9 (Imaam ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah)

• our • Lord, • deliver •

August 5, 2008

Aishah said, “I said to the Messenger of Allah, ‘Does the lover remember the one he loves on the Day of Resurrection?‘ He said, ‘O Aishah, as for three [situations] then no; at the Balance until it is heavy or light, then no; when the books are scattered and one is given his either with his right or with his left, then no; and when a neck from the Hellfire comes out and embraces them, raging over them, it will say, ‘I have been entrusted with three – with he who claims a god besides Allah, I have been entrusted with he who does not believe in the Day of Accountability, and I have been entrusted with the haughty, stubborn man.’ It will embrace them and throw them in the midst of the Hellfire. And the Hellfire has a bridge [over it] that is thinner than a hair and sharper than the sword; upon it are hooks and sharp thorns made of iron, taking whoever Allah pleases. People will go over it like the blinking of an eye, like lightning, like racing horses and mounts. And the angels will be saying, ‘Our Lord, deliver, our Lord, deliver.’ There will be he who is delivered and is in good condition, he who is saved but is scratched, and he who is rolled over into the Hellfire in his face.’

[Ahmad]

-ibn katheer’s an-nihaayah fil-fitan wal-malaahim pgs 387-388

• a • believer’s • character •

August 5, 2008

The Character of the Believer

taken from ihyaa uloom ad-deen, by imam al-ghazali

imaam al- Ghazali (rahimahullah) says:

قد جمع بعضهم علمات حسن الخلق [Some of them i.e. certain righteous people have gathered together the marks of ‘perfection of character’]

فقال هو ان يكون [And he has said that a person be]:

1. كثير الحياء [Abundantly modest, shy]

2. قليل الاذى [Rarely bothering (others)]

3. كثير الصلاح [Abundantly righteous]

4. صدوق اللسان [Truthful of tongue]

5. قليل الكلام [Rarely speaking]

6. كثير العمل [Abundant in works (spiritual works)]

7. قليل الزلل [Rarely slipping (sinning)]

8. قليل الفضول [Seldom curious (nosy)]

9. برا [Righteous]

10. وصولا [Keeping one’s ties]

11. صبورا [Patient, steadfast]

12. شكورا [Thankful]

13. رضيا [Content, pleased]

14. حليما [Forebearing, clement]

15. رفيقا [Gentle, kind]

16. عفيفا [Continent, self-respecting, modest]

17. شفيقا [Tender]

18. لا لعانا [Not cursing]

19. لا سبابا [Not insulting]

20. لا نماما [Not carrying tales]

21. لا مغتابا [Not backbiting]

22. لا عجولا [Not hasty]

23. لا حقودا [Not hating (others)]

24. لا بخيلا [Not miserly]

25. لا حسودا [Not envious]

26. بشاشا هشاشا [Cheerful, easy-going]

27. يحب في الله [Loving for the sake of Allah]

28. يبغض في الله [Detesting for the sake of Allah]

29. يرضى في الله [Accepting for the sake of Allah]

30. يغضب في الله [Anger for the sake of Allah]

فهذا هو حسن الخلق [So this is perfect character]

• o • miserable • one! •

August 1, 2008


“O miserable one! Where is your intellect taking you? How far will you flee from following the Sunnah of your Prophet, Muhammad, salla’Allahu alahi wa salam, to enacting the manifest signs of your enemies?

How far [have these people] fled from traversing the Straight Path and how close they have come to the way of the misguided devils! [For example] when you perform an action of worship, you [soon] flee from it, looking left and right for a place of refuge! When you traverse the path of knowledge you preoccupy yourself with finding loopholes and concessions under the pretext, ‘we are performing taqlid of the Imams” (p.30)

“How can you bring yourself to imitate a people… who are but fuel for the fire?!

“If it was said to you, ‘imitate an object of ridicule, a laughing stock’, you would surely scorn this and become angry. How is it then that you imitate the uncircumcised worshipper of the cross in his celebrations? How is it that you dress your children with new clothes and inculcate a sense of joy in them? How is it that you decorate eggs for them, buy incense and celebrate the festival of your enemy in the same fashion as you would celebrate the ‘eid legislated by your Prophet, sall’Allahu alaihi wa salam?
Where would such a practice take you except to the anger of Allah and His Displeasure? Provided, He does not forgive you that is, and provided that you know that your Prophet Muhammad, sall’Allahu alaihi wa salam, used to encourage differing from the People of the Book in everything that was specific to them” (p.10)

– Excerpts from “Imitating the Disbelievers” by Imam Adh-Dhahabi (d.748H) by Dar-us-Sunnah Publishers