Archive for February, 2008

• the • importance • of • religious • jealousy •

February 28, 2008

Ibn Al-Qayyim, Rahimahullaah, said:

“And the Dayyouth is the most vile of Allah’s creation, and Jannah is forbidden for him, (because of his lack of Ghayrah – jealousy).

The foundation of the Religion is Ghayrah, and the one without Ghayrah is one without Religion, for Ghayrah protects the heart and enlivens the limbs, and shields one from evil and lewdness, and lack of Ghayrah kills the heart so that the limbs die, so that there remains not even shielding from [the minor things].

And the example of Ghayrah in the heart is the example of the strength that shields one from sickness and fights it off, so if the strength leaves, he will be faced with the sickness, and will not find any thing to protect himself from it, so it will establish itself [within him] and destroy him .”

Ad-Daa’ Wad-Dawaa’, p.77

Shaykh Husayn Ibn Mahmood, hafidhahullaah, said about the current state of the Ummah:

“The Ghayrah in the hearts of many of the people has died, and the sensibilities have become dull. Rather, the conceptions and the natural dispositions have been reversed, so good has become evil and evil good, and the thief a ruler and the Mujāhid an oppressor, and the scholar ignorant, and the hypocrite a Muftī, and the people have listened to the Ruwaybid’ah, and the worthless one speaks about the affairs of the Muslims, and the people of virtue and Religion have been made to disappear, and the mischievous ones have been given a free hand. The waves of doubt have descended, and the rain of desires has assailed the hearts of the Muslims, killing the religious jealousy in the souls so that the men see honor violated and they are entertaining themselves – playing and dancing and singing!

There is no establishment for any nation without jealousy, whether that jealousy is over truth or falsehood. And the men do not fight without jealousy for religion or honor or dignity, and a nation that has no jealousy is a dead nation that does not deserve life. And what kills the jealousy is immersion in desires, until the soul detests loftiness and becomes accustomed to inferiority and cowering.

They (the enemies of Islaam) implant in the hearts of the people fear from just religious jealousy, apart from any action… rather, [they implant fear of] even thinking of forbidding evil with the heart, so as to transform the notions of manhood in the heart into satisfaction with obscenity and occupation and killing and plunder, in order that these actions become facts of modern life and requisites of change and [requisites of] the procession towards what is better.

This mental humiliation and compulsory subservience and internal defeat has never occurred in human history. One cannot even describe this humiliation that the Ummah’s enemies desire for it. It has never happened in human history that the usurped one be prohibited from rejecting the usurpation and hating it. But the matter has reached to where the usurped one must not only accept the situation, but he must also praise and embrace it! And the example of this is like the example of a man who cuts off another man’s fingers with a knife, then the cutter orders the man to smile and laugh instead of screaming and shouting, and he even believes in the depths of his heart that the cutter is indeed kissing his fingers and not cutting them, though he sees his fingers falling off one after the other with his eyes and he feels its pain!!

O Allaah, return the Ghayrah to the men and women of this Ummah!

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• ibn • ‘abbaas • at • the • doorstep • of • knowledge •

February 24, 2008

It is reported from ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Abbaas – may Allaah be pleased with them – that he said:

“After Allaah’s Messenger – Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him – passed away, I said to a man from the Ansaar, “Come, let us ask [and learn from] the Prophet’s Companions, Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him, for they are many in number today.”

He replied, “I am surprised at you Ibn ‘Abbaas – do you really think people need you when there are so many Companions of the Prophet?”

So he did not involve himself in this endeavor, but I busied myself asking [the Companions about issues]. If I heard of a hadeeth being reported by a man, I would come to him and if he was taking his midday nap I would lay down my garment and lie outside waiting for him, with the wind blowing dust in my face. The man would come out [for Dhuhr] and see me in that state, and he would exclaim, “O nephew of Allaah’s Messenger! What has brought you here? You should have sent for me and I would have come to you!” I would say, “Rather I should come to you [to seek knowledge].” I would then ask him about the hadeeth I heard.

The man [who I originally invited to seek knowledge with me] remained as he was, and when he saw how people would gather around me [to seek knowledge] he said, “For sure, this young man was more intelligent than me.”

– Ad-Daarimi, As-Sunan Vol. 2 p129.

• the • conditional • promise •

February 23, 2008

Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer
from Tafseer al-Qur’aanul-‘Adheem (3/311-313)

“Allaah has promised to those amongst you who believe and do righteous actions that He will certainly grant them khilaafah (succession) on the earth, as He granted it to those before them; and that He will grant them authority to practice their religion, the one that. He has chosen for them; and He will change their state from one of fear in which they lived to one of peace and security. They will worship Me alone, not associating any partner with Me. But whosoever disbelieves after this, then they are the rebellious ones.“ [Soorah Noor 24:55]

Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer (d.774H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“This is a promise from Allaah – the Most High – to His Messenger, may the prayers of Allaah and the peace be upon him, that He will make his Ummah the khulafaa’ (successors) upon the earth. Meaning that they will be the leaders and rulers over mankind, by which nations will be corrected and to whom mankind will submit. And that He will replace their state of fear in which they lived, to one of security and dominion. Allaah – the Blessed, the Most High – has fulfilled His promise, and to Him belongs all praise and thanks. For the Prophet sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam did not die until Allaah made him conquer Makkah, Khaybar, al-Bahrain, the remaining lands of the Arabian peninsula and the whole of Yemen. He took jizyah corn the magians of Hajar and from the people of the surrounding areas of Syria. The Prophet sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam received gifts from Heraclius – the king of Rome; the ruler of Egypt and Alexandria – the Mawqawqis; the kings of Omaan; and Negus, the king of Ethiopia, who became king after Ashamah died – may Allaah have mercy upon him and grant him nobility.

After the Messenger of Allaah sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam died, Allaah having chosen for him the reward which is with Him, Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq was then established as his Khaleefah (successor), taking charge unwaveringly. Aboo Bakr took the Arabian peninsula and put it in order. He sent forth the armies of Islaam to the lands of Persia, under the command of Khaalid ibn al-Waleed, radi-Allaahu ’anhu. They conquered parts of these lands, slaying a number of its inhabitants. A second army was sent to the lands of Syria, under the leadership of Aboo ’Ubaydah – radi-Allaahu ‘anhu – and those who followed him. A third army was sent to Egypt under the leadership of ’Amr ibn al-’Aas radi-Allaahu ’anhu. It was during his time that the armies sent to Syria conquered the cities of Busra, Damascus and its environs from the land of Hawraan and its surroundings. Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – took Aboo Bakr’s soul – choosing for him the reward which is with Him. Allaah blessed the people of Islaam by inspiring as-Siddeeq to choose ’Umar al-Faarooq as a successor.

’Umar then stood up, taking charge completely. The heavens will not witness – after the Prophets – anyone like ’Umar, whether in the strength of his reign or the fulfilment of justice. It was during his time that the conquest of Syria was completed; as was that of Egypt to its farthest reaches, as well as the province of Persia. He destroyed Kisraa (Chosroes) and humiliated him to the utmost, forcing him to retreat back to the furthest reaches of his kingdom.

Similarly, ’Umar destroyed Qaysar (Caesar), wresting from his hands the lands of Syria and bottling him up in Constantinople. He spent the wealth (conquered from them) in the path of Allaah – as the Messenger of Allaah had informed and promised – may the most complete salaam and most purest salaah be upon the Messenger from his Lord.

Then there was the rule of ’Uthmaan, under whom the possessions of Islaam extended to the furthest eastern and western reaches of the earth. The lands of the west were conquered to the farthest reaches of what lies there – Andalus, Cyprus, the lands of Qairawaan and the lands of Ceuta – which is next to the all-encompassing ocean; and to the farthest lands of China. Kisraa was killed and his kingdom totally vanquished. The cities of al-’Iraaq, Khurasaan and Ahwaaz were conquered and the Muslims slew a large number of Turks. Allaah having humiliated the Turks and their great king the Kha-Khan. The wealth of the east and the west was collected and brought to the Ameerul-Mu’mineen (leader of the Believers) ’Uthmaan ibn ’Affaan, radi-Allaahu ’anhu. All this came about as a result of the blessings of his recitation, study and gathering the Ummah upon the preservation of the Qur‘aan.

It is confirmed in the Saheeh [1] that the Messenger of Allaah sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam said:

“Indeed Allaah gathered up the earth for me, so that I saw its east and west. Indeed, the dominion of my Ummah will reach what gathered up for me, from it.”

We fluctuate in what Allaah has promised us with and in what His Messenger has promised. Allaah and His Messenger have spoken the truth. We ask Allaah to grant us eemaan (faith) in Him and His Messenger, and that we establish gratitude for what Allaah has given us, in the manner that He is pleased with.

Imaam Muslim ibn al-Hajjaaj said in his Saheeh, that Ibn Abee ’Umar related to us, that Sufyaan related to us from ’Abdul-Maiik ibn ’Umayr, from Jaabir ibn Samarah who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam say:

“The affair of the people will continue to remain upright while twelve men are in charge of them.”

The Prophet sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam then said something which I could not make out. So I asked my father: What did the Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, say? He replied:

“They are all from Quraish.”

This narration is also reported by al-Bukhaaree. [2]

In this narration there exists a clear evidence that all twelve of these men must be leaders from Quraish. They are not the twelve imaams claimed by the Shee’ah, because many of them had no leadership over the Muslims. As for these twelve, they will be from Quraish and they will be just rulers. The glad tidings of their appearance has also occurred in the previous scriptures. Furthermore it is not necessary that they succeed one another. Rather, their appearance in the Ummah could be successive or separate. Four of them were in order, namely, Aboo Bakr, ’Umar, ’Uthmaan and ’Alee, radi-Allaahu ’anhum. After these four there was a gap. Others amongst the twelve appeared as and when Allaah willed. It is possible that some of them will appear during a time only which Allaah – the Most High – knows. Among them will be the Mahdee whose name will be that of the Messenger, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, and his kunyaa that of his kunyaa. He will fill the earth with justice as it is filled with tyranny and injustice.

Imaam Ahmad, Aboo Daawood, at-Tirmidhee and an-Nasaa’ee have all reported from the hadeeth of Sa’eed ibn Juhmaan, from Safeenah – the mawlaa of the Messenger of Allaah sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, that the Messenger of Allaah sallaallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam said:

“The Succesorship (al-Khilaafah) after me will last for thirty years. Then kingship will appear.” [3]

Ar-Rabee’ ibn Anas has said that Abool-’Aaliyah has remarked concerning this verse:

“The Prophet, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, and his Companions were in Makkah for ten years afraid, secretly calling to Allaah and His worship alone, He has no partner. They remained in such a state until they were ordered to migrate to Madeenah. They were ordered by Allaah to fight. While they were (in Madeenah) they were in constant fear (of attack). They would go to sleep armed and awake armed. They remained patient upon that state as long as Allaah willed. Until one day, one among the Companions said:

“O Messenger of Allah! Will we remain in a state of fear until the end of time? Will there not come a day when we will be in a state of security, so we may lay down our weapons?”

The Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, then said:

“Be patient for a while. For there will come a time when any man from you would sit in a large crowd unarmed.”

Allaah sent down this verse and made His Prophet victorious over the Arabian Peninsula. The Prophet’s Companions were now safe and could lay down their weapons. Allaah – the Most High – then took the soul of His Prophet, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, and the Muslims remained in such a state during the leadership of Aboo Bakr, ’Umar and ’Uthmaan. Until the Muslims fell into what they fell into from discord. So fear entered their hearts and they took armies and guards for protection. For they had changed, so Allaah changed their state.”

One of the Salaf has remarked that the khilaafah of both Aboo Bakr and ’Umar is true. He then recited this verse. Al-Bara’ ibn ’Azeeb has said:

“This verse was revealed while we were in a state of extreme fear.”

This noble verse is similar in meaning to His statement – the Most High:

“And remember when you were few and were reckoned weak in the land and were afraid that men might kidnap you, but He (i.e. Allaah) provided a safe place for you, and strengthened you with His help and provided you good things so that you might be grateful.” [Soorah Anfaal 8:26]

His statement – the Most High: “as he granted that to those before them.” This verse is similar to what Allaah has said about Moosa, ’alayhis salaam, that he said to his people:

“It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you succeed (the present rulers) on earth, so that He may see how you act.” [Soorah A’raaf 7:129]

And Allaah – the Most High – has said:

“And We wished to confer a favour upon those who were oppressed in the land; and to make them leaders and to make them heirs; and to establish them on earth…” [Soorah Qasas 28:5-6]

And Allaah’s statement: “And that He will change their state after the fear in which they lived to one of security and peace.” This is similar to what the Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, said to ’Adee ibn Haatim when ’Adee came as a delegation to the Messenger. The Messenger said:

“Do you know Hira?”

’Adee replied: “I have not seen it but I have heard of it.”

The Messenger then said: “By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allaah will complete this matter (i.e. Islaam) until a woman will be able to travel from Hira until she goes around the House (i.e. the Ka’bah) not needing the protection of anyone. And you will certainly conquer the treasures of Kisra ibn Hurmuz.”

I (i.e. ’Adee) replied: “Kisra ibn Hurmuz!”

The Prophet replied: “Yes! Kisra ibn Hurmuz. Money will be spent until no-one will accept it.”

Adee ibn Haatim said: “Now here is the woman leaving from Hira until she goes around the House. And I was among those who conquered the treasures of Kisra. And by Him in Whose Hand is my soul! The third matter will come to pass because the Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, has said so.”

Ahmad reports upon ’Ubayy ibn Ka’b who said that the Messenger of Allaah, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, has said:

“Give good news to this Ummah of ease of life, exalted stature, establishment of their religion, victory and leadership on earth. Whoever does acts of the Hereafter for this world, he will have no portion of the Hereafter.” [4]

And Allaah’s statement: “They worship Me alone and do not associate anything with Me.” Ahmad reports upon Mu’aadh who said; I was sitting behind the Prophet, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, on a donkey. There was nothing between the Prophet, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, and I except the end of his saddle. The Prophet said to me:

“O Mu’aadh ibn Jabal!”

I said: “Here I am O Messenger of Allaah in your service.”

The Prophet continued to ride on for some time and then he said to me: “O Mu’aadh ibn Jabal!”

I said: “Here I am O Messenger fo Allaah in your service.”

The Prophet said: “Do you know what is the right of Allaah upon His slave?”

I said: “Allaah and His Messenger know best.”

He said: “The right of Allaah upon the slaves is that they worship Him and do not associate anything with Him.”

The Prophet continued to ride on for some time and then he said to me: “O Mu’aadh ibn Jabal!”

I said: “Here I am O Messenger of Allaah, at your service.”

The Prophet said: “Do you know what is the right of the slaves upon Allaah if they (worship Him alone)?”

I said: “Allaah and His Messenger know best.”

He said: “The right of the slaves upon Allaah is that He does not punish whosoever does not associate anything with Him.” This narration is also reported in the two Saheehs. [Related by al-Bukhaaree (6/58) and Muslim (1/232)]

And Allaah’s statement: “But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the rebellious ones.” Meaning: Whoever steps outside of my obedience after that promise, he has stepped outside of the Command of His Lord, and sufficient is that as a great sin. Since the Prophet’s Companions, radi-Allaahu ’anhum were the most upright and obedient of people after the Prophet, sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam, in fulfilling the Commands of Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – their victory was accordingly. The Companions of the Prophet made the Word of Allaah supreme, so Allaah Himself aided hem in such a manner that He subdued for them the rest of mankind, as well as their lands.

When the people after the Prophet’s Companions fell short in adhering to some of Allaah’s Commands, their victory accordingly fell short. It is, however, affirmed in both Saheehs (i.e. al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) in many ways from the Messenger of Allaah sal-Allaahu ’alayhe wa sallam that he said:

“There will not cease to be a group from my Ummah victorious, upon the Truth, not being harmed by those who abandoned them or go against them, until Allaah’s affair comes, and they are like that.” [Related by Muslim (6/52-53) and at-Tirmidhee (2/36) from
Thawbaan radi-Allaahu ’anhu]

And in a narration:

“Until the last of them fights Maseehud-Dajaal.” [5]

And in a narration:

“They will be victorious until the Day of Judgement, then ’Eesaa ibn Maryam will descend.” [Related by Imaam Muslim (l/95) and Ahmad (3/384) from Jaabir radi-Allaahu ’anhu]

All these narrations are authentic and there is no contradiction between any of them.

Footnotes

[1] Related by Muslim (8/171) and also Aboo Daawood (no.4252), from Thawbaan radi-Allaahu ’anhu.

[2] Related by al-Bukhaaree (6/416), Muslim (6/3-4) and also Ahmad (5/101), the wording is from Ahmad.

[3] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no.4646), at-Tirmidhee (2/35) and others. It was authenticated by at-Tabaree in his I’tiqaad (p.8) and al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar in Fathul-Baaree (13/182).

[4] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (4/134) and al-Haakim (4/311) and it was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz (p.52).

[5] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (4/429), Aboo Daawood (1/388-389) and al-Haakim (4/450), from Imraan ibn Husayyin radi-Allaahu ’anhu. It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah (no.1959).

• ibn • taymiyyah • explains • the • hadith • of • the • three • to • enter • Hell • first •

February 21, 2008

IIn his book Ad-Daa’ Wad-Dawaa’, Ibn Al-Qayyim explains the hadith of the first three to be thrown into Hell on the Day of Resurrection. He says:

“from Abu Hurayrah, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘ Verily, the first to be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who had died as a martyr. He will be brought forward. Allah will remind him of the favours He had bestowed upon him and the man will acknowledge them. Then He will ask him: `What did you do to express gratitude for it?’ The man will reply: `I fought for Your Cause till I was martyred.’ Allah will say: `You have lied. You fought so that people might call you courageous; and they have done so.’ Command will then be issued about him and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. Next a man who had acquired and imparted knowledge and read the Qur’an will be brought forward, Allah will remind him of the favours He had bestowed upon him and the man will acknowledge them. Then He will ask him: `What did you do to express gratitude for it?’ The man will reply: `I acquired knowledge and taught it, and read the Qur’an for Your sake.’ Allah will say to him: `You have lied. You acquired knowledge so that people might call you a learned (man), and you read the Qur’an so that they might call you a reciter, and they have done so.’ Command will then be issued about him, and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. Next a man whom Allah had made affluent and to whom Allah had given plenty of wealth, will be brought forward, Allah will remind him of the favours He had bestowed upon him and the man will acknowledge them. He will ask him: `What did you do to express gratitude for it?’ The man will reply: `I did not neglect any of the ways You liked wealth to be spend liberally for Your sake’. Allah will say to him: `You have lied. You did it so that people might call you generous, and they have done so.’ Command will then be issued about him and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.”

And the wording, “So these are the first of Allaah’s creation the Fire will be kindled with on the Day of Resurrection

Saheeh Muslim, 13/45/1905

Then he says:

“And I heard Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah say, “Just as the best of the people are the Prophets, then the worst of the people is the one who imitates them, giving the false impression that he is from them while he is not from them. The best of people after them are the Ulemaa’ and the Shuhadaa’ and the Siddeeqoon and the Mukhlisoon, and the worst of the people is the one who imitates them while giving the false impression that he is from them, while he is not from them.”

Ad-Daa’ Wad-Dawaa’ pp38-39

• like • a • hired • worker • who • doesn’t • work • but • expects • a • reward •

February 18, 2008
The Help of Allaah And His Victory

“Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – said:

Indeed, Allaah will help those who help His cause. Indeed Allaah is all-Powerful, all-Mighty.” [Soorat al-Hajj 22:40]
Imaam ash-Shanqeetee (d.1393H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – explains in this noble Verse that He has promised to help and give victory to those who help Him. And it is known that the help and victory of Allaah comes by following what He has prescribed, obeying His command, avoiding His prohibitions, helping His Messengers,and their followers, aiding His Religion and fighting against His enemies and overpowering them; until the word of Allaah is made uppermost and the word of His enemies is debased. Then Allaah – the Most High – explains the characteristics of those whom He has promised would receive His help and victory, distinguishing them from others. So Allaah said about those to whom He promised He would aid and grant victory to – for indeed He is the One to aid and grant victory:

Those who, if We establish them in the earth, establish the Prayer, give the zakaah, enjoin the good and forbid the evil.” [Soorat al-Hajj 22:41]

So this noble Verse points to the fact that whoever helps Allaah, then Allaah will help and aid them. This is clearly explained in Allaah – the Most High’s – sayings:

O you who Believe. If you help Allaah, Allaah will help you; and establish your feet firmly. But those who disbelieve, for them is destruction and Allaah will make their deeds vain.” [Soorat Muhammad 47:7]
Indeed, Our Word has gone forth of old for Our slaves, the Messengers, that they will certainly be victorious; and that Our forces will certainly be triumphant.” [Soorah as-Saaffaat 37:171-173]
Allaah has Decreed: It is I and My Messenger who will prevail.” [Soorat al-Mujaadalah 58:21]
Allaah has promised to those amongst you who have eemaan (certainty of belief) and do righteous actions), that He will grant you the khilaafah (succession) in the land.” [Soorah an-Noor 24:55]

So in Allaah – the Most High’s – saying: “Those who, if We establish them in the earth, establish the Prayer, give the Zakaah, enjoin the good and forbid the evil.” [Soorah al-Hajj 22:4], in this is a proof that there is no promise from Allaah of His help, except by establishing the Salaah (Prayer), paying the Zakaah, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil. So it is these whom Allaah will establish upon the earth, and through whom He will strengthen His Word. However, those who do not establish the Salaah (Prayer), nor pay the Zakaah, nor enjoin the good, nor forbid the evil, then there is no promise from Allaah that He will aid and grant them victory. Such people are not from His party, nor are they His friends; those who have the promise of His help and victory. Rather, such people are from the party of Shaytaan and his friends. So if they were to expect the help of Allaah and the fulfillment of His promise upon them, then their example would be like that of a hired worker who refuses to the do the job that he was hired for, yet he expects to be rewarded. So whoever is like this, then he has no intellect!”

Adwaa’ al-Bayaan (5/703-704)

• the • three • types • of • days •

February 17, 2008

It is reported from Al-Hasan Al-Basri – may Allaah have mercy on him – that he said:

The life of this world is made up of three days: yesterday has gone with all that was done; tomorrow, you may never reach; but today is for you so do what you should do today.”

Al-Bayhaqi, Az-Zuhd Al-Kabeer p.197.

• al-walaa • wal-baraa’•

February 15, 2008

Love is the source of walaa’ and hate is the source of baraa’; it is by this that both the heart and the hand are moved to act. Walaa’ inspires intimacy, concern and help. Baraa’ provokes obstruction, enmity and rejection. Walaa’ and Baraa’ are both related to the declaration of faith and constitute essential elements in it. The evidence of this from the Qur’an and the Sunnah is considerable.

As for the Qur’an, consider the following ayaat: “Let not the believers take disbelievers for their friends in preference to believers. Whoever does this has no connection with Allah unless you are guarding yourselves against them as a precaution. Allah bids you to beware (only) of Himself. And to Allah is the journeying.” [3:28]

And also: “O you who believe! Do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends of one another. And whoever of you takes them for friends is (one) of them. Surely Allah does not guide wrongdoing people.” [5:51]

We will mention only a few of the many hadith and reports of the Companions on this subject. Imam Ahmad reports from Jarir ibn Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made him swear an oath to ‘offer counsel to every Muslim and to steer clear of every disbeliever.’

Ibn Shayba reports that the Prophet said, “The strongest bond of faith is love for the sake of Allah and enmity for His sake.”

Ibn Abbas reports that the Prophet said, “The strongest bond of faith is loyalty for the sake of Allah and opposition for His sake, love for the sake of Allah and enmity for His sake.” At-Tabarani, al-Kabir. It is mentioned by as-Suyuti, al-Jami’ as-Saghir, 1/69. Al-Albani classes it as “hassan”.

Ibn Abbas is also reported to have said, “Whoever loves for the sake of Allah, and hates for the sake of Allah, and whoever seals a friendship for His sake, or declares an enmity for His sake, will receive, because of this, the protection of Allah. No one may taste true faith except by this, even if his prayers and fasts are many. People have come to build their relationships around the concerns of the world, but it will not benefit them in any way.” Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Jami’ al-Ulum wal Hikam, p.30.

As for BARAA ‘enmity for the sake of Allah’, it includes the obligation to declare enmity for His sake: opposition for the sake of Allah. it is to declare opposition in deed,to shun them, and to stay far from them both in word and deed. This proves that simple opposition of the spirit is not enough, and that it must be a complete honouring of your commitment, for Allah says: “There is a good example for you in Ibrahim and those with him, when they told their people: ‘Surely we disassociate ourselves from you and all that you worship beside Allah. We have done with you. And there has arisen between us and you enmity and hate for ever until you believe in Allah only‘.” [60:4]

As Ibn Taimiya has said, “The declaration of faith, there is no god but Allah, requires you to love only for the sake of Allah, to hate only for the sake of Allah, to ally yourself only for the sake of Allah, to declare enmity only for the sake of Allah; it requires you to love what Allah loves and to hate what Allah hates.” Ibn Taymiyyah, al-Ihtijaaj bil-Qadar, p.62.

• the • ruling • on • one • that • insults • the • Prophet •

February 13, 2008

The Ruling on the One Who Insults the Prophet of Allaah

 

 

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum

Lately, the issue of those who swear at or insult the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم has come up. The following is some of what the scholars of Islām have said regarding this issue.

Ibn Taymiyyah RA said:

The First Issue: That Whoever – be it Muslim or kāfir – Swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, Then It Is Obligatory to Execute Him

This is the Math’hab of the general mass of the People of Knowledge. Ibn Al-Munthir said: “The general mass of the People of Knowledge have formed consensus upon that the Hadd (punishment) of the one who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is execution. And from those who sad this was Mālik, Al-Layth, Ahmad and Is’hāq. And it is the Math’hab of Ash-Shāfi’ī” He said: “And it is mentioned from An-Nu’mān: He is not killed, that which they are upon from shirk is greater.”And Abū Bakr Al-Fārisī, from the companions of Ash-Shāfi’ī, mentioned the Ijmā’ of the Muslims upon that the Hadd of the one who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is execution, just as the Hadd of he who swears at other than him is whipping. And this Ijmā’ that he mentioned is understood as being the Ijmā’ of the first generations from the Sahābah and the Tābi’īn, or that he meant with that, their Ijmā’ upon that the one who swears at the Prophetصلى الله عليه و سلم, it is obligatory to kill him if he is a Muslim. And likewise, Al-Qādhī ‘Iyādh restricted it, as he said: “The Ummah has formed consensus upon the execution of the one who belittles him or swears at him from the Muslims.” And the Imām Is’hāq Ibn Rāhūyah, one of the Great Imāms, said: “The Muslims have formed consensus upon that whoever swears at Allāh, or swears at His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم, or rejects anything from that which Allāh ‘Azza Wa Jall Revealed, or kills a Prophet from the Prophets of Allāh ‘Azza Wa Jall, that he is a kāfir due to that, even if he accepts everything that Allāh Revealed.” And Al-Khattābī said: “I do not know anyone from the Muslims who differs regarding the obligation of his execution.” And Muhammad Ibn Sahnūn said: “The scholars have formed consensus upon that the one who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, belittling him, is a kāfir, and the threat of the Punishment of Allāh is upon him, and his ruling according to the Ummah is execution, and whoever doubts his kufr and his punishment, then he has disbelieved.”

The Clarification Of The Opinion Relating To The Ruling Of The One Who Swears

And the clarification of the opinion regarding it is that the one who swears, if he is a Muslim, then he disbelieves and is executed, without any difference, and it is the Math’hab of the Four Imāms and other than them. And those from the Imāms who have mentioned the Ijmā’ upon that have past, like Is’hāq Ibn Rāhūyah and other than him. And if he is a Thimmī, then he is executed also in the Math’hab of Mālik and the People of Al-Madīnah, and the mentioning of their phrasings will come. And it is the Math’hab of Ahmad and the Fuqahā’ of the Hadīth. And Ahmad clearly stated that in many places.

Hanbal said: I heard Abū ‘Abdillāh saying: Everyone who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم or belittles him, whether he is a Muslim or a kāfir, then execution is upon him. And I see that he should be executed and not given Istitābah.” He said: And I heard Abū ‘Abdillāh saying: “Everyone who breaks the ‘Ahd and innovates an innovation in Islām like this, then I see execution upon him, they were not given the ‘Ahd and the Thimmah upon this.” And likewise, Abū As-Saqr said: I asked Abū ‘Abdillāh about a man from the People of Thimmah who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, what is upon him? He said: If the Bayyinah is established upon him, then whoever swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلمis executed, whether he is a Muslim or a kāfir.” Both narrated by Al-Khallāl

And he said in the narration of ‘Abdullāh and Abī Tālib, and he was asked about someone who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, he said: “He is executed.” It was said to him: “Are there Ahādīth regarding it?” He said: “Yes. Ahadīth, from them the Hadīth of the blind man who killed the woman. He said: I heard her swearing at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. And the Hadīth of Husayn, that Ibn ‘Umar said: Whoever swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is executed. And ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdil-‘Azīz said: He is executed. And that is because whoever swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is a murtadd, and no Muslim swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.”

‘Abdullāh added: “I asked my father about one who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, is he given Istitābah?” He said: “Execution has become obligatory upon him, and he is not given Istitābah. Khālid Ibn Al-Walīd killed a man who swore at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and did not give him Istitābah.” Both narrated by Abū Bakr in “Ash-Shāfī” And in the narration of Abī Tālib: “Ahmad was asked about the one who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. He said: He is executed. He has nullified the ‘Ahd.” And Harb said: I asked Ahmad about a man from the People of Thimmah who swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. He said: He is executed if he swears at the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.” Both narrated by Al-Khallāl, and he clearly stated this in other than these answers. So all of his sayings are clear statements regarding the obligation of executing him, and in that he has nullified the ‘Ahd, and there is nothing from him different than this. And likewise was mentioned from all of his companions, the earlier and the later of them, they did not disagree on that.” [1]

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[1] Ibn Taymiyyah’s “As-Saarim Al-Maslool ‘Alaa Shaatim Ar-Rasool” (The Unsheathed Sword Upon the One Who Curses the Messenger): pg. 12-13

• now • i • dont • approve • you • for • her •

February 12, 2008
A man came to Maymoon bin Mahraan – may Allah be please with him – to ask for his daughter’s hand in marriage.

Maymoon said, “I do not approve of her for you.”

The man asked, “Why?”

He replied, “Because she loves jewelry and garments.”

To this the man said, “Well I have as much of those as she desires.”

Maymoon said, “Now I don’t approve of you for her.

Adh-Dhahabi , Siyar A’laam Al-Nubalaa‘ in his biography of Maymoon bin Mahraan.

• umar’s • exile • of • the • jews •

February 11, 2008

Narrated Ibn Umar:

When the people of Khaibar dislocated Abdullah bin Umar’s hands and feet, Umar got up delivering a sermon saying,

No doubt, God’s Apostle made a contract with the Jews concerning their properties, and said to them, ‘We allow you (to stand in your land) as long as God allows you.’ Now Abdullah bin Umar went to his land and was attacked at night, and his hands and feet were dislocated, and as we have no enemies there except those Jews, they are our enemies and the only people whom we suspect, I have made up my mind to exile them.”

When Umar decided to carry out his decision, a son of Abu Al-Haqiq’s came and addressed ‘Umar, “O chief of the believers, will you exile us although Muhammad allowed us to stay at our places, and made a contract with us about our properties, and accepted the condition of our residence in our land?”

‘Umar said, “Do you think that I have forgotten the statement of God’s Apostle, i.e.: What will your condition be when you are expelled from Khaibar and your camel will be carrying you night after night?”

The Jew replied, “That was joke from Abul Qasim (the Prophet).” ‘Umar said, “O the enemy of God! You are telling a lie.”

‘Umar then drove them out and paid them the price of their properties in the form of fruits, money, camel saddles and ropes, etc.”

– Bukhaari, vol 3 #890