• you • do • not • know • him •

Al-Khatīb al-Baghdādī narrated in “Al-Kifāyah”, that a man bore witness in the presence of ‘Umar, so he said to him, “I do not know you, but it doesn’t harm you that I do not know you. Bring someone who knows you.” So a man from the people said, “I know him.” He said, “What do you know him with?” He said, “With justice and virtue.” He said, ‘So he is your closest neighbor whom you know his night and his day, his entering and his leaving?” He said, “No.” He said, “So he dealt with you with the Dīnār and the Dirham, both of which are used as evidence for piety? He said, “No.” He said, “So you companion in travel, which is used as evidence in generous manners?” He said, “No.” He said, “You do not know him.” Then he said to the man, “Bring someone who knows you.”

Also narrated by Al-‘Uqaylī, Al-Baghawī, and Al-Bayhaqī. It was declared “Sahīh” by Al-Albānī in “Irwā’ Al-Ghalīl”, #2637, “Hasan” by Ibn Kathīr in “Irshād Al-Faqīh”, Vol. 2/403, and Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazzī in “Itqān Mā Yuhsin”, Vol. 1/295. But it was rejected by Ibn Al-Mulaqqin in “Al-Badr Al-Munīr”, Vol. 9/610. Some from Sulaymān Ibn Harb and some from him from Kharashah Ibn Al-Hurr Al-Fazārī.

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