• at-Takbeer • al-Muqayyid • in • Dhul • Hijjah •

It is legislated in these days to make at-Takbeer al-Mutlaq (unrestricted to specific times or form) at all times of night and day until the time of the `Eed Prayer. Also, at-Takbeer al-Muqayyid (restricted to specific times and done in a particular manner) is legislated, and it is done after the (five) obligatory prayers which are performed in congregation. This begins from Dawn (Fajr) on the Day of ‘Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) for those not performing Hajj, and from Noon (Dhur) on the Day of Sacrifice (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) for those performing Hajj (pilgrims); and it continues until ‘Asr prayer on the last day of the days of Tashreeq (13th of Dhul-Hijjah).

if this is performed after the congregation of each salah, is it only for the Imam to say it or everyone to say it together


There is the following phrasing (for the Takbeer):الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Lā Ilāha Illā Allāh Wallāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Wa Lillāhil-Hamd

This was narrated from ‘Alī, may Allāh be pleased with him. Az-Zayla’ī said in “Nasb Ar-Rāyah”, “Ibn Abī Shaybah narrated it with a “Jayyid(Good)” chain of narration.” Vol. 2/224.

Also from Ibn Mas’ūd, may Allāh be pleased with him. Az-Zayla’ī said, “Ibn Abī Shaybah also narrated it from Abū Is’hāq As-Sabī’ī. Shurayk said, ‘I said to Abū Is’hāq, ‘How did ‘Alī and Ibn Mas’ūd used to perform Takbīr?’ He said, ‘Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Lā Ilāha Illā Allāh Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Wa Lillāhil-Hamd.’ And Ibn Abī Shaybah narrated this phrasing from Ibrāhīm An-Nakh’ī. He said, ‘They used to perform Takbīr that way on the Day of ‘Arafah.’” “Nasb Ar-Rāyah”, Vol. 2/224. The narration from Ibn Mas’ūd was also declared “Sahīh” by Al-Albānī in “Irwā’ Al-Ghalīl”, Vol. 3/125.


There is also a Marfū’ narration to the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, but it is not authentic. It was narrated by Ad-Dāraqutnī as well. It was rejected by Ath-Thahabī in “Tanqīh At-Tahqīq”, Vol. 1/291, Ibn Al-Mulaqqin in “Al-Badr Al-Munīr”, Vol. 5/91, Az-Zayla’ī in “Nasb Ar-Rāyah”, Vol. 2/224, and Al-Fayrūzabādī in “Safar As-Sa’ādah”, 227.

The second phrasing is:

الله أكبر الله أكبر الله أكبر كبيرا

Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbaru Kabīrā

This is narrated from Salmān, may Allāh be pleased with him, that he said, “Perform the Takbīr,’Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbaru Kabīrā’ Narrated by ‘Abdur-Razzāq in “Al-Musannaf”. It was authenticated by Ash-Shawkānī in “Nayl Al-Awtār”, Vol. 3/389 and As-San’ānī in “Subul As-Salām”, Vol. 2/114.

There is also the following phrasing:

الله أكبر الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Lā Ilāha Illā Allāh Wallāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Wa Lillāhil-Hamd

From Jābir Ibn ‘Abdillāh, may Allāh be pleased with him, who said, “The Messenger of Allāh, صلى الله عليه وسلم, if he prayed As-Subh on the morning of ‘Arafah, turned to his Companions then would say, ’At your places.’ And he would say, ’Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Lā Ilāha Illā Allāh Wallāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Wa Lillāhil-Hamd’ So we would perform Takbīr from the morning of ‘Arafah until Salāt Al-’Asr from the last of the Days of Tashrīq.” Narrated by Ad-Dāraqutnī 2/50. Al-Albānī declared the chain of the Marfū’ narration from Jābir “Wāh Jiddan(Very Feeble)” in “Irwā’ Al-Ghalīl”, 3/124.

Ad-Dāraqutnī also narrated this from Jābir himself, 2/51, and from Ibn ‘Abbās, may Allāh be pleased with them all.

Ibn Hajar mentioned in “Talkhīs Al-Habīr”, Vol. 2/88, that Ibn ‘Abbās and Jābir used to perform Takbīr three by three. Ad-Dāraqutnī narrated them with a weak chain.

Ash-Shawkānī also said the same as Ibn Hajar concerning the narrations from Ibn ‘Abbās and Jābir, where the Takbīr is three times. “Nayl Al-Awtār”, Vol. 3/389.

Based on the preceding, we can say the following: There is nothing authentic from the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, concerning the Takbīr, yet two phrasings have been narrated from him. As for from the Sahābah, then three phrasings have been narrated, yet only two are authentic, those are the following:

1-الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Lā Ilāha Illā Allāh Wallāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Wa Lillāhil-Hamd

2-الله أكبر الله أكبر الله أكبر كبيرا

Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbar Allāhu Akbaru Kabīrā

Wa Allāhu A’lam.

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