Archive for December, 2007

• these • are • those • times •

December 31, 2007

Mu’aadh bin Jabal – may Allaah be pleased with him – used to say:
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Ahead of you are times of trials in which there will be much wealth and in which the Qur’aan will be opened and taken (read) by believers and hypocrites, men and women, young and old and freemen and slaves. At that time it is likely that there will be people who will say, “Why aren’t the people following me when I have read the Qur’aan? They will not follow me until I invent something else.” So, beware of everything that is innovated (in religion), for those things that are innovated are misguidance.”
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– Ibn Waddaah, Al-Bida’ p62; Al-Laalakaa’i, Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahl As-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah 1/125, and others.

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• bid’ah • is • caused • by • ignorance • of • arabic •

December 30, 2007

‘Abdullaah bin Zayd An-Numayri reports that Al-Hasan Al-Basri said:

They (the heretics) were destroyed by their inability in Arabic.”

Al-Bukhaari, At-Taareekh Al-Kabeer 5/99.

And al-Imaam Ash-Shaafi’i said:

People didn’t become ignorant and didn’t differ amongst themselves except because they left Arabic and leaned towards the language of Aristotle.”

Quoted by As-Suyuti in Sawn Al-Mantiq p15.

As-Suyuti said on p22 of the same book:

I have found that the Salaf before Ash-Shaafi’i indicate what he did: that the cause of heresy is ignorance of the Arabic language.”

• Aa’ishah’s • knowledge •

December 28, 2007

It is reported from Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari – may Allah be pleased with him – that he said:

We the Companions of Allah’s Messenger – peace and blessings be upon him – never had difficulty in understanding a hadith except that when we asked ‘Aa’ishah we found she had some knowledge about it.”

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It is reported from Masrooq – may Allah have mercy on him – that he said:

We swear by Allah, we have seen senior Companions of Allah’s Messenger – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – asking ‘Aa’ishah about inheritance laws.”

Ibn Al-Jawzi, Sifat As-Safwah 1/319

• do • you • want • Allah • and • His • Messenger • to • be • disbelieved? •

December 28, 2007

‘Ali b. Abi Taalib – Allah be pleased with him – said: “Narrate to people what they can understand; do you want Allah and His Messenger to be disbelieved?”

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-Quoted by Al-Bukhaari, As-Sahih, Chapter about a person preferring some people with certain knowledge to the exclusion of others.

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Baari, “[In this narration] there is evidence that ambiguous knowledge should not be mentioned amongst the general public.”

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Shaykh Muhammad b. Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen – may Allah have mercy on him – explained this very important and often misunderstood point beautifully. After mentioning the narration of ‘Ali, he states:

“It is therefore an aspect of wisdom in da’wah that you should not surprise people with things they are not able to comprehend. Rather, you should call them in stages, bit by bit until their minds settle…”

He goes on to say:

“[The statement of ‘Ali] ‘Do you want Allah and His Messenger to be disbelieved?’ is a rhetorical question, posed as a criticism of such behavior. It means: by narrating to people things they cannot understand do you want Allah and His Messenger to be disbelieved? This is because in such cases when you say, “Allah said, and His Messenger said” they will say you have lied if their minds cannot comprehend what you are saying. Here, they are not disbelieving Allah and His Messenger, but they are disbelieving you because of this speech that you have attributed to Allah and His Messenger. Thus they will end up disbelieving Allah and His Messenger – not directly – but by way of the one who transmits this knowledge (i.e. you).

Now if it is said: Should we stop telling people things they cannot understand even if they need to know? The answer is: no, we do not leave this knowledge altogether, but we should tell them in a way that they will be able to understand. This is done by telling them stage by stage, bit by bit until they can accept the speech we want them to know and they can feel comfortable with it. We do not abandon knowledge that people cannot understand and just say ‘this is something they will reject or dislike so we will not speak about it.’

The same is the case with acting upon a Sunnah that people are not used to and which they might find objectionable. We should act by this Sunnah, but only after informing people about it, such that they will be able to accept it and feel comfortable about it.

We learn from this narration that it is important to employ wisdom in calling to Allah, and that it is incumbent upon anyone who calls to Allah to consider the level of understanding of those he is inviting, and that he should put everyone in their proper place.”

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Majmoo’ Fataawaa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen 10/140.

• from • the • benefits • of • winter •

December 27, 2007
It is reported from Abu Hurayrah – may Allaah be pleased with him – that he said, “Shall I not point you to comfortable proceeds?” People responded, “And what is that o Abu Hurayrah?” He replied, “Fasting in winter.”
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The Arabs used to refer to matters which were relatively easy to gain as being cool. In this narration, the relative ease of fasting in winter and its consequent reward is likened to acquiring war proceeds without the heat of violence.
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It is reported from ‘Umar – may Allaah be pleased with him – that he said: “Winter is booty for the devout worshippers.”
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This is further explained in the following narration:
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It is reported from ‘Ubayd b. ‘Umayr – may Allaah have mercy on him – that he said: “It used to be said when winter came: O people of the Qur`aan, the night has become long so you can pray (more) and the day has become short for you to fast.”. – Abu Nu’aym, Hilyat Al-Awliyaa`

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As with other experiences in this world, the Salaf used to be reminded of the hereafter when experiencing cold weather:

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It is reported from the famous worshipper Raabi’ah – Allaah have mercy on her – that she said: “I have never heard the adhaan except that I remember the caller who will announce the Day of Resurrection, and I never see the falling snow except that I imagine the flying pages of the records of peoples deeds (on that day), and I never see swarms of locusts except that I think about the Great Gathering on the Last Day.”

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– Ibn Al-Jawzi, Sifat As-Safwah 2/433.

• like • a • beetle • who • hates • roses • and • musk •

December 25, 2007

The person who wishes to substitute secular law for the Sharee’ah is like a beetle that loves the smell of urine and feces but hates the fragrance of roses and musk

– Abu Hibbatu’llah Isma’il al Khateeb, Tahdheer Ahl al Iman ‘an al Hukm bighayri ma Anzala’r Rahman, in Rasaa’il al Muniriyah, 1/139.

• no • bachelorhood • in • Islam •

December 23, 2007

Imaam Ahmad – Allaah have mercy in him – said:

[Voluntary] bachelorhood has nothing to do with Islaam. The Prophet – Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him – married fourteen women, and he died being married to nine of them. If Bishr b. Al-Haarith had married, his affairs would be complete. If people left marrying no one would go to battle or go on pilgrimage, and such-and-such wouldn’t happen.”

He went on to say:

“The Prophet – Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him – would wake in the morning and his family would have nothing to eat and go to bed at night and they would have nothing to eat, [yet] he died married to nine wives, he chose marriage and encouraged others to marry.”

Imaam Ahmad – Allaah have mercy in him – also said:”There is nothing better for a woman than a man, and there is nothing better for a man than a woman.”

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Taawuus said,

A woman is half of a man’s religion.”

Abu Bakr Al-Marrudhi, Kitaab Al-Wara’ p116-117.

• advice • from • umar • bin • al-khattaab •

December 21, 2007

When advising another man, ‘Umar (radiya Allahu Anh) said,
Do not speak about that which does not concern you. Know your enemy and be wary of your friend, except for the trustworthy one. And no one is trustworthy, except for the person who fears Allah. Do not walk with the evildoer, lest he teaches you some of his wickedness; and do not reveal your secrets to him. And when you consult others in your affairs, consult only those who fear Allah ‘Azza wa Jall.”

Sifatus-Safwah 1/149

• ibn • al-qayyim • on • the • fast • of • Arafah •

December 18, 2007

Ibn al-Qayyim said,

“Some are deceived by fasting the days of `Ashura and `Arafah, such that some may even say that the fast of `Ashura’ expiates the whole year, and the fast of `Arafah remains as a surplus of reward.

Such people have failed to realize that the fast of Ramadan and the 5 daily prayers are greater and more noble than the fasts of `Arafah and `Ashura, and that [it is understood that] sins are [only] forgiven as long as major sins are avoided. So, [fasting] from one Ramadan to another, [praying] from one Jumu’ah to the next, act in a mutually strengthening manner to achieve forgiveness of minor sins, provided major sins are avoided.

So, how then can an optional fast expiate every major sin of a person while he still persists upon the sins, and has not repented from them? Also, it is possible that these two optional fasts expiate all sins in totality, but that this has certain prerequisites and conditions, such as avoidance of major sins, or that the expiation is achieved in conjunction with other good deeds, much the same as the 5 daily prayers and the fasting of Ramadan expiate minor sins in conjunction with the avoidance of major sins. “If you abjure the major things which you are prohibited from, We shall expiate you your evil deeds” [an-Nisaa : 31]”


al-jawaab al-kaafi
, p. 24

let’s not be from among the ones that fool themselves..

• defining • who • is • knowledgeable •

December 16, 2007

The salaf have said the person with knowledge is not known by how much he/she has memorized, but rather how much he/she acts upon. So if the knowledge given to people doesn’t show in their actions (piety, humility, etc), then in reality they have no knowledge.

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Sufyaan bin Uyaynah said, “The scholar is not the one that knows the Halaal and the Haraam. The scholar is the one who knows what is Halaal and acts on it, and knows what is Haraam and stays away from it.”

Abdul-A’laa At-Taymi said, “Whoever is given knowledge that he does not use has not been given beneficial knowledge.”

Sufyaan Ath-Thawri said, “If I act with what I know then I’m the most knowledgeable of people. If I don’t act with what I know then I’m the most ignorant of people.”

Abud-Dardaa’ said, “You will not be a scholar until you act with what you know and benefit from it.”

Also, the Prophet used to seek refuge from knowledge that has no benefit “Allaahumma inni a’udhu bika min ‘ilmin laa yanfa’.” The scholars have noted that this meant he sought refuge from knowledge with no benefit and knowledge he would not act upon.

So the reality of knowledge is that it leads us to having Khashyah before Allah, and that it leads a person to what will benefit him/her. We should not call those who don’t act on the tons they have memorized knowledgeable, even if in the eyes of many they are considered shuyookh and ‘alaamahs.