• Allah •

Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “This honorable Name “Allaah” has ten verbal characteristics (merits),” which he stated.

Then he added: “As for its moral characteristics, the best of Allaah’s creatures, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said ‘ I cannot praise You in a way that You deserve; You are as You have praised Yourself.'”

How can we enumerate the characteristics of a Name whose Possessor bears absolute and unlimited perfection, praise, glorification, and goodness! This Name is never mentioned over any small amount or quantity of anything except that it increases thereby. If mentioned in times of fear it removes the object of fear, and in times of anguish or distress, it alleviates it. Should a weak person cling to these words, he will be strengthened and a humiliated one will be given dignity. A poor one will be enriched thereby and the one who feels lonely and desolate will be entertained. The wronged person will be aided and supported, while a person who is compelled will be sustained, and the homeless person will be sheltered. It is the great Name with which anguish is removed, blessings are sought, invocations are accepted, sins are forgiven, evil deeds are repelled, and good deeds are performed. It is the Name on which the heavens and the earth were raised, Divine Books were revealed, the Messengers were sent down, laws were legislated, prescribed penalties were established, Jihad was founded, the people were divided into happy and unhappy, the Inevitable takes place, and the Event befalls.

It is the Name with which the Balance is set, the Straight Path is established, Paradise and Hell-Fire were made to exist, and Allaah the Almighty is served. It is the Name about which one is asked within the grave, on the Day of Resurrection and during the Reckoning.

It is the Name about which alienation is aroused between the faithful and the polytheists.

It is the Name for the sake of which one should befriend some, and show enmity to others. The happiness and distress of one depends on knowing that Name and observing its due rights.

This Name is the secret of creation and revealing matters: it is linked to the beginning and end of everything. Allaah, the Almighty says, {Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted are You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the fire}. (Surah Al ‘Imran:191)

– Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Hasan Aal Ash-Shaikh’s Fath al-Majeed, page 13

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