Archive for June, 2007

• The • Requirement • of • Tahara • for • Reciting • and • Touching • The • Quran •

June 30, 2007

This article is an appendix in Jamaalud-Deen Zarabozo’s book, How to Approach and Understand the Quran (Denver, CO: Dar Makkah, forthcoming).

Introduction:

The Quran must play a central role in the life of every Muslim. Muslims should turn to the Quran and read it on a daily basis, if possible. Since many Muslims desire to read the Quran as often as they can, it becomes of vital importance to know what conditions might exist for the reciting or touching of the Quran. That is, are there some times or occasions in which a Muslim is not allowed to recite or touch the Quran due to being in a state of “impurity”?

This question is obviously of extreme importance for Muslim sisters. They are the ones who will be most affected by the answer to this question since they have long periods of “impurity” (menstruation and post partum bleeding). If it can be shown that they are not allowed to touch the Quran during such states, they must not do so as an act of obedience to Allah. However, if such is not found to be true, then they may be prevented from the important act of reading the Quran because of a misunderstanding or wrong fiqh conclusion.

Unfortunately, although this is a very important question, many different opinions abound on this question. Each opinion, obviously, has some evidence for it. Therefore, in order to make an intelligent conclusion concerning this question, all of the different evidences must be dealt with and weighed. Only after that process may one make a conclusion on this matter. An attempt shall be made here to cover all of the major different opinions on this question as well as discuss which seems to be the weightiest.

Actually, two questions need to be answered and each shall be dealt with separately. These two questions are the following:
(1) What are the requirements of tahara (being in a state of ritual purity), if any, for reciting the Quran? (This is in reference to simply reciting the Quran, for example, from memory, without actually touching a physical copy of the Quran.) Must one be free of both major and minor impurities or is freedom from major impurities alone sufficient?

(2) What are the requirements of tahara, if any, for touching the Quran?

Again, must one be free of both major and minor impurities or is freedom from major impurities sufficient? [1] (check the footnotes)

Note that this article is only concerned with the “requirement” of being in a state of purity. It is not concerned with the recommendation or behavior of reading the Quran [2]. Scholars such as Imam Malik used to always like to be in a state of purity even while teaching the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In fact, that is mentioned as one of the recommended acts for teaching hadith. This is not because such is a requirement for teaching hadith. This was, however, to show respect to the subject being taught. Similarly, as was discussed in the earlier referred to article, being in a state of purity while reading the Quran will affect one’s frame of mind and outlook. It will, Allah willing, help the person benefit more from the Quran. Again, that is a separate question from what is being discussed here.

 

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• attaining • ikhlaas •

June 30, 2007

by ibnul qayyim

Adapted from the translator’s footnotes to “An Explanation of Riyadh al-Saliheen” by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen

Ikhlaas (sincerity) cannot coexist in a heart which [embraces] the love of praise and commendation, [nor] the yearning [to obtain] that which is possessed amongst the people, save in the [manner] that fire and water, or a lizard and fish may coexist.

If your soul informs you to quest for Ikhlaas, turn first towards your yearning and slaughter it with a knife [in a state] of desperation. Then turn [in a state of] asceticism upon praise and commendation, the asceticism of the [one] who loved the Dunya for the sake of the Hereafter. If your quest in the [act] of slaughtering the yearning, and [the acquisition of] asceticism [against] praise and commendation is successful, your [journey] shall be facilitated in your [quest] for Ikhlaas.

If it is mentioned: What may facilitate the [act] of slaughtering the yearning and the [development] of asceticism [against] the praise and commendation?

I say:

The method of facilitating the [act] of slaughtering the yearning: Your definitive knowledge that there is no matter [present] that awakens ones greed for, save the worship of Allah alone, and the Treasures which He alone possesses. For no individual can furnish the slave with [those Treasures] save He.

The method of facilitating the [development] of asceticism [against] praise and commendation: Your knowledge that there is no individual who can [confer] benefit upon or beautify his praise, [nor] inflict damage upon or disgrace his vilification, save Allah alone.

As the bedouin said to the Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam:

My praise [has been] embellished, and indeed my vilification [has been] disgraced. The Prophet sallallahu`alaihi wa sallam remarked: That is Allah. [Tirmidhi 3266, Kitab Tafseer al-Quran, Declared Saheeh]

Accordingly, be ascetic for praise [and] the one who is incapable of beautifying his praise for you. [And] for vilification [and] the one who is incapable of disgracing his vilification for you. Be desirous for the One who is absolute in the embellishment of His praise, and is absolute in the tarnishment of His vilification. For none shall acquire that, save with patience and certainty, and when you have forfeited patience and certainty, you are comparable to the one who desired to journey across a sea without [the aid] of a vessel.

Allah has mentioned:

Be patient. Verily the promise of Allah is true, and let not those who are devoid of certainty in faith discourage you from conveying [Allah’s Message]
. [Ar-Rum: 60]

We have made from amongst them leaders, guiding under One Command, when they were patient and believed in Our Signs with certainty. [As-Sajdah: 24]

• al-khawf •

June 28, 2007
by ibnul qayyim

The station of Al-Khawf or fear  is one of the most splendid stations of the road and the most beneficial to the heart. It is also mandatory upon everyone. Allah said, “So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are believers.” [3:175], “And fear none but Me.” [2:40], “So fear not men but fear Me.” [5:44]

Allah, subhanahu wa ta’ala, also praised His people in His book, saying, “Verily! Those who live in awe for fear of their Lord . . . It is these who race for the good deeds and they are foremost in them.” [23:57-61]

Aisha once asked the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam, “O Messenger of Allah, when Allah says And those who give that (their charity) which they give with their hearts full of fear . .” [23:60] is he the one who commits adultery, drinks alcohol or steals?” He said, “No, daughter of As-Siddeeq. It is the man who fasts, prays, and pays sadaqah. But he fears that none will be accepted from him.” (Tirmithi and others)

Al-Hasan al-Basri said, “By Allah, they performed the acts of obedience and struggled in them and they were afraid that their deeds will be rejected.” The believer has combined good deeds and fear and the hypocrite has combined bad deeds and a sense of security.

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• prisoners • for • whom • no • one • weeps! •

June 27, 2007

by Shaikh Abdul-Azeez bin Naasir al-Jaleel

Oh you prisoners in Filasteen and Cuba! From the mujaahideen and ulemaa and duaat, secluded in the prisons of oppression and despotism, suffering pain and ache, enduring the gloating of the enemies and the anguish of loved ones… O Allah! Make their hearts firm upon Your Religion, and raise their levels in Your Paradise.

But you [prisoners] are assured that the prisoner is pleased with his imprisonment, and the captive is pleased with his captivity. And you strove against yourselves and your enemies for the sake of Allah Ta’aala, and you repressed your desires for the pleasure of Allah. And Allah says:

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• this • is • the • path • of • the • defiant •

June 26, 2007

If You Have Lost Hope, Then We Say To You

Written by Shaykh Abū Muhammad Al-Maqdisī
(May Allāh hasten his release)

Safar 1417 H

Dear Brother, verily, we have not corrupted our thoughts
Regarding the Promise of the Deity, Mighty and Strong,

And shackles have not increased us, except in patience
And prisons have not increased us, except in certainty,

Nor have tortures against our Brethren
Nor the killing of the preachers, even if hundreds of them, increased us,

Other than raising the flag of our Īmān
And clearly manifesting the Tawhīd of Truth, of Religion,

We will water your seedling, with our Tawhīd
By the cutting of our veins, and the sacrificing of our blood,

We will lift your banner, with our Islām
By sacrificing our most important men, and a mighty patience,

So that it dominates, in defiance of the Tawāghīt
And that it rises and spreads throughout the Worlds,

Never will we bend away from the Jihād against the Tawāghīt
Nor will we ever deviate from the Trustworthy Path,

As long as the Clear Light of the Deity
Dominates the hearts of the Believers,

Never will we abandon the Truth, no matter what we face
Never will we become weak, never will we submit,

Never will we stray away from the Path of Confrontation
Never will we be harmed by the abandoning traitors,

We will continue on this path, regardless of the wounds
Regardless of the blood, regardless of the long-suffering,

We have an example in the men who have traversed
Upon the Path, walking upon it, they were loftier than the heights,

So here is Bilāl, marching to the Gardens
Never did he waver fearing the pagans,

And there is Suhayb, the Brother of the Muttaqīn
Selling his life for the profit of the Religion,

And Mus’ab, abandoning a life of comforts
Refusing to share a shadow with the luxurious,

Living to give victory to a Great Religion
Passing on as a martyr amongst the eternal,

Hundreds of thousands of the True Faithful
They fulfilled in perseverance, they marched on in certainty,

A party of them have fulfilled, and a party remains continuing
They have not altered, Nay! They remain determined and firm,

And we are in their steps continuing, marching
With the Help of the Deity, to assist a Religion,

What this Path is, is the Path of the defiant
And these are the milestones of a Mighty Religion,

Thus, one who truly yearns to enter into the Gardens
And covets to embraced by the Heavenly Virgin Maidens,

Certainly, the responsibilities of the Path…
Certainly, the payment of an expensive dowry…

 

• the • Faithful • shall • have • a • sure • deliverance •

June 26, 2007

a speech by Salaahud-deen al-Ayuubi to his men:

 We hope in Allah Most High, to whom be Praise, who leads the hearts of Muslims to calm what torments them and ruins their prosperity. Where is the sense of honour of the Muslims? The pride of the Believers? The zeal of the Faithful? We shall never cease to be amazed at how the disbelievers for their part have shown trusts, and it is the Muslims who have been lacking in zeal. Not one of them has responded to the call. Not one intervenes to straighten what is distorted,- but observe howfar the Franks have gone. What unity they have achieved. What aims they pursue. What help they have given. What sums of money they have borrowed and spent. What wealth they have collected and distributed and divided amongst them. There is not a king left in their lands or islands, or a rich man who has not competed with his neighbours to produce more support and rival his peers in strenuous military efforts. In defence of their religion they consider it a small thing to spend life and soul,- and they have kept their infidel brothers supplied with arms and champions of war,- and all they have done and all their generosity has been done purely out of zealfor him they worship in jealous defence of theirfaith. The Muslims on the other hand are weakened and demoralised & they have become negligent and lazy, the victims of unproductive stupification and completely lacking in enthusiasm. If, Allahforbid, Islam should draw reign, obscure her splendour, blunt her sword, there would be no one, east or west, far or near who would blaze the zealfor Allah’s religion, or choose to come to the aid of Truth against Falsehood. This is the moment to cast off laziness, to summon from far and near all those men who have blood in their veins; but we are confident (He speaks about himself and the small party of believers who began with him and then became a large party); but we are confident, thanks to Allah – Alhamdulillah – in the help that will come from Him in sincerity of purpose and deepest devotion. Insha-Allah the disbelievers shall perish and the Faithful shall have a sure deliverance.

 

 

• hijrah • and • jihaad •

June 25, 2007

On the authority of Junaadah Ibn Abi Umayyah: That some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah said to each other: ‘The Hijrah has ceased (as an obligation),’ and so they differed regarding this. So I went to the Messenger of Allaah (SAWS) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! There are people who say that Hijrah has ceased! So the Messenger of Allaah said: “Hijrah will not cease as long as there is Jihaad.”

Narrated by Ahmad (5/260) and it is authentic.

 ••

The Prophet said in Bukhaari and Muslim:

There will never cease to be a group from my Ummah fighting upon the truth until the last hour is established.”

In the narration of Bukhari: “They will not be harmed by those that oppose them or abandon them.”

In Imam Ahmad’s narration: “They will not be concerned by those that oppose them or abandon them.”

• suffering • hunger • for • Allah’s • Sake •

June 25, 2007

Nu’maan ibn Bashir, raadi allahu anhu, narrated, “Is it not a fact that you can eat and drink at your will, while I have seen your Prophet, salalahu alayhi wa sallam, not getting even enough raw dates which would be taken by him to his fill??”

[narrated by Muslim and Tirmidhi]

••

In another narration, it has been reported that Nu’maan, raadi allahu anhu, quoted Umar, raadi Allahu anhu, as saying while describing the ease in the life which the people enjoyed, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah, salallahu alayhi wa sallam, to pass his day restlessly due to hunger having no raw dates even which would remove his hunger.”

[narrated by Muslim, Ahmad, Tayaalsi, Ibn Sa’ad, Ibn Maajah, Abu Awaanah and others]

••

Abu Hurairah, raadi Allahu anhu, narrated, “Once I visited the Prophet, salallahu alayhi wa sallam. He was performing salaah in a sitting posture. I asked him, “Oh Messenger of Allah! I saw you performing Salaah in a sitting posture. What has happened to you?” He replied, “Hunger, Oh Abu Hurairah!!” On hearing that I wept. He consoled me and said, “Don’t weep, oh Abu Hurairah! One suffering with hunger will not be reckoned strictly on the Day of Judgment, provided that he tolerates that in this world sincerely [for pleasing Allah and seeking virtues].”

[narrated by Abu Na’eem, Khalib, Ibn Asaakir, and Ibn al-Najjar]

• yemenis • rock •

June 25, 2007

It was narrated that al-Bara’ ibn ‘Aazib, raadi Allahu ‘anhu, said: The Messenger of Allaah, salallahu alayhi wa sallam, said: “There are no two Muslims who meet and shake hands, but they will be forgiven before they part.”

Narrated and classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi (2727); narrated by Ibn Maajah (3703); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 2718.

••

Anas bin Malik said:

“When the people of Yemen came, the Prophet said: “The people of Yemen have come, and they have softer hearts than you,” and they were the first people to initiate the tradition of shaking hands.”

Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahihah
# 527

 ••

And in the narration of Ahmad, Anas said:

“So, the Ash’aris came forth – including Abu Musa al-Ash’ari – and when they approached Madinah, they began chanting:

Tomorrow, we shall meet our beloved * Muhammad and his party

So, when they finally arrived, they shook our hands. They were the first people to initiate the tradition of shaking hands.”

Sahih al-Adab al-Mufrad
3/112

• the • responsibility • of • muslim • scholars •

June 24, 2007
“…Muslim scholars are also responsible for our ordeal and for what has afflicted Islam. They are responsible for the sins and mischief caused by the colonialists and imperialists, by the rulers and governments and by the masses who are ignorant of and rebellious against Islam.

These scholars are worthy of such accusations because they support imperialism or at least keep silent before its violence. They occasionally support the non-Islamic rule and compromise with it at other times. They have left the masses in their ignorance of the basic principles of Islam and in their unawareness of the conspiracies forged against Islam.

They have detached Muslims from their religion, because they failed to indicate to the masses the judgment of Islam with regard to the colonialists, imperialists, and to the governments that aid and pay allegiance to them. As a result, the Muslim masses obeyed the pro-colonialist governments. Islam has been lost due to the silence of Muslim scholars, and the masses by turn, have been put in a state of loss due to the loss of their religion. The masses might have helped in reclaiming the loss because they believed that the Muslim scholars would not approve of anything unless it was in conformity with Islamic teachings and God’s commandment.

Muslim scholars have closed their eyes, shut their mouths and plugged their fingertips in their ears, forgetting about Islam, and they have been asleep for centuries while the Muslim people followed them in their somnolence, believing that their Islam was safe and sound, or their scholars never would have kept quiet.

Muslim scholars for long have disregarded their Islam. They have never censured any attitude violating Islam, nor tried to repel and revoke any injunction that ran contrary to the principles of Islam. They have never even convened a meeting to encourage the reinstitution of Islam jurisprudence.

Rulers have committed felonies, allowed the forbidden, shed blood, raped women, spread mischief and transgressed against the limits enjoined by God, while the scholars never so much as expressed indignation and opposition to such actions. They uttered only the sounds of silence, as if Islam did not require them to invite other to do the good and to forbid what is wrong, and as if Islam did not make it incumbent upon them to give counsel to the rulers so that they might apply the laws of Islam.

Muslim nations were occupied by rapacious foreign powers but our scholars did not revolt against this aggression, nor did they indicate to the public what the Qur’an and the Sunnah have inscribed in regard to fighting the invaders and resisting the forces of occupation, and what Islam provided for those who befriended such invaders and colonialists. The Muslim scholars had a duty to boycott the non-Muslim aggressors, but instead became their allies and friends to the extent that they used to celebrate some religious festivities in the Residence Halls of the representatives of the occupying country!

Man-made laws have been enforced in Muslim countries, though they contradicted Islamic provisions, nullified Islamic commands, allowed what God has prohibited and prohibited what God has allowed. Yet, Muslim scholars were not disturbed by this violation of their religion, nor were they perturbed about their own future, though they earned their living at the expense of Islam. They did not even hold meetings to discuss the tragic turn of events relative to their own destiny and the future of their religion.

Adultery and lasciviousness have spread all over, brothels and dance halls have been opened, governments have issued licenses to Muslim women to practice prostitution, and people have publicly disobeyed Islam! Nevertheless, our scholars contained themselves and did nothing more than “regret” such foul deeds.

When secular schools which denied religious teachings were established, our Muslim scholars were the first to send their children to them. When the missionary schools started propagating Christianity and detracting Muslims from their Islam, our dignified scholars SENT THEIR daughters thereto, in order for them to learn foreign languages, dancing and Christianity.

Whenever a government met with a serious problem, it resorted to these quisling scholars, who never failed to bid Muslims to “obey their government” even if this government allowed alcohol, adultery, usury, atheism and mischief, and even if it substituted Islam for popular whims and partisan fancy.

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